HEPATITIS A


How can hepatitis A be treated?

There is currently no treatment for hepatitis A; however, it usually resolves on its own within 2 months. Recommendations to help recovery include:1

  • Taking painkillers to ease any aches and pains
  • Making sure you get plenty of rest
  • Eating small meals to reduce nausea and vomiting
  • Wearing loose clothing to soothe itchy skin

 

In some cases, your general practitioner (GP) may be able to prescribe medication to help with itchiness, nausea or vomiting.1

 

How can the spread of hepatitis A be prevented?

The transmission of hepatitis A infection can be prevented by practising good personal hygiene. To avoid sexual transmission, it is important to wash your hands/genitals/buttocks after sex, use barriers during sex (condoms, gloves) and to not share sex toys or douching equipment.2

 

Hepatitis A vaccination

Vaccination against hepatitis A infection is also available. While vaccination is not routinely offered in the UK, it is recommended and offered free of charge for those who may be at increased risk, including men who have sex with men.1,2

A second (booster) vaccination is recommended to ensure longer-term protection.3

 

References

  • 1. NHS. Overview. Hepatitis A. 11 March 2019. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hepatitis-a/. [Last accessed April 2021].
  • 2. Sexual Wellbeing. Hepatitis A in MSM. https://www.sexualwellbeing.ie/sexual-health/sexually-transmitted-infections/types-of-stis/hepatitis-a-in-msm.html. [Last accessed April 2021].
  • 3. NHS. Vaccination. Hepatitis A. 1 August 2019. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hepatitis-a/vaccination/. [Last accessed April 2021].

Date of preparation: April 2021 | MAT-GB-2101311(v1.0)